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Japan faces ‘extinction’ in 1,000 years 日本千年內面臨「滅絕」
 

Japanese researchers on May 11 unveiled a population clock that showed the nation’s people could become extinct in 1,000 years because of declining birth rates.

Academics in the northern city of Sendai said that Japan’s population of children aged up to 14, which now stands at 16.6 million, is shrinking at the rate of one every 100 seconds.

Their extrapolations pointed to a Japan with no children left within a millennium.

“If the rate of decline continues, we will be able to celebrate the Children’s Day public holiday on May 5, 3011 as there will be one child,” said Hiroshi Yoshida, an economics professor at Tohoku University.

“But 100 seconds later there will be no children left,” he said. “The overall trend is towards extinction, which started in 1975 when Japan’s fertility rate fell below two.”

Yoshida said he created the population clock to encourage “urgent” discussion of the issue.

Another study released earlier this year showed Japan’s population is expected to shrink to a third of its current 127.7 million over the next century.

(Liberty Times)

日本研究人員五月十一日發布了一個人口時鐘,該時鐘顯示,由於出生率持續下降,日本人恐怕將於一千年內滅絕。

北部城市仙台的學者稱,日本十四歲或以下兒童人口目前為一千六百六十萬人,正在以每一百秒一個的速度減少。

他們的推斷指出,日本在一千年內將沒有兒童。

日本東北大學的經濟學教授吉田宏(譯音)說:「如果這種下降速度持續下去,三○一一年五月五日我們仍能慶祝兒童節,因為還剩下一名兒童。」

「但再過一百秒,日本將沒有兒童」,他說。「自從一九七五年日本生育率降到每名育齡婦女兩個孩子以內,走向滅絕便成了總體趨勢。」

吉田說,他創立這個人口時鐘是為了鼓勵人們「緊急」展開關於這一問題的討論。

今年稍早公布的另一項研究顯示,下世紀日本人口將縮減到現有一點二七七億人口的三分之一。

(自由時報/翻譯:陳成良)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. extrapolation n.

推斷 (tui1 duan4)

例: The extrapolations of the building’s size made from the measurements of an average room were inaccurate.

(從一個房間量度所得到整座建築大小的推斷,是不正確的。)

2. extinction n.

滅絕 (mie4 jue2)

例: The government set up a research institution to preserve endangered species from extinction.

(政府設立一處研究機構,以保育瀕臨絕種動物免於滅絕。)

3. shrink v.

縮減;縮小 (suo1 jian3; suo1 xiao3)

例: My wool jacket shrank about three sizes after I threw it in the dryer.

(我的毛夾克在我將它丟進烘乾機後,尺寸縮小了三號。)

 

      


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